Saturday, December 28, 2019

Analysis Of Niccolo Machiavelli - 875 Words

In 16th century Italy, the prince’s response to the suffering of people affected the attitudes and behavior of how they treated the prince. A rulers goal was to secure his reputation holding his power in control without nourishing any hatred on themselves as a leader. A ruler sets an impression, reflecting how their subjects behave by his actions. Niccolo Machiavelli wrote his treatise â€Å"The Prince,† in 16th century Italy. As a political theorist, Machiavelli put his concerns towards cruelty and clemency and argues whether or not it is better to be loved than feared. Machiavelli advises future leaders arguing what makes an ideal ruler and the impact rulers would have on politics. In the excerpt, he refutes what makes a function of a ruler-†¦show more content†¦Machiavellis text â€Å"asserted in general of men† is directing the attention towards the ruler’s men, his people, that their â€Å"ungrateful, fickle false, cowardly, covetous.† This text represents the attitude and personality, men living in the 16th century were capable of being. The men during the 16th century were scheming multiple changes to their interest and minds when they feel obligated to the loved ruler. This affected the rulers status because love to a ruler is â€Å"fickle false.† The rulers men would easily try to take the opportunity to take advantage of the ruler. He who is a loved ruler, is only loved for the actions he can do. And for when the ruler can’t make a gesture for his people, they would turn against their ruler. Which, would affect the rulers power to be in control. Unlike being feared, the rulers people will do as he says, do to the sense of fear and will not cause any trouble. Machiavelli advices rulers to be feared to his people because of being less likely to be fooled and be taken advantage. To secure rulers reputation, holding their power in control without nourishing any hatred on themselves as a leader. A ruler sets an impression, reflecting how their subjects behave by his actions. Machiavelli’s text displays if the ruler does not win love from his people, he has to avoid being hated if he were to be a feared ruler. The ruler must prevent any cruelty acts that would affect his control inShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of The Prince By Niccolo Machiavelli832 Words   |  4 PagesNiccolo Machiavelli (1469–1527) has lived in an era when the Florence, Italy had become the battleground for the foreign forces and was suffering from political destruction. Moreover, an era of the Renaissance was in the process and being a philosopher of renaissance era, he put forward quite controversial theories and philosophies. His comprehensive work The Prince is considered as a remarkable piece of historical writing not only for the age of renaissance but also for the contempora ry age. HeRead MoreAnalysis Of The Prince By Niccolo Machiavelli871 Words   |  4 PagesThe Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli From the moment a child is born from the womb, they are consistently instructed to follow the strict rules of what is classified as morally correct in order to succeed in life, and yet, The Prince, composed by Niccolo Machiavelli of Florence, goes against every word of these such instructions. The Prince is a historically controversially book written for Lorenzo de Medici, intended to assist him in improving the situations occurring in Italy at the time. In thisRead MoreThe Prince By Niccolo Machiavelli Analysis948 Words   |  4 PagesComposed nearly 500 years ago, Niccolo Machiavellis The Prince presents another perspective on the meaning of virtue. Machiavellis definition contended against the idea presented by the Catholic Church. Machiavelli did not force any opinions of his own, somewhat he composed from his experience and whatever theory that prompts activities which created successful results in the political scene of Italy and different nations. While Machiavelli contin ues to be scrutinized for his thoughts, in allRead MoreAnalysis Of The Prince By Niccolo Machiavelli1314 Words   |  6 PagesMACHIAVELLI’S LIVED WORLD: SETTING CONTEXT Niccolà ² Machiavelli’s The Prince was written in a time of political and civil unrest in Italy. For decades the city-state of Florence suffered several political uprisings and the establishment of new governments. From tyrannical rule to the creation of a democratic republic, and finally the re-establishment of the Medici family, The Prince comes from Machiavelli’s lived experiences in these political regimes. Machiavelli blames the division of Italy into city-statesRead MoreAnalysis Of The Prince By Niccolo Machiavelli1094 Words   |  5 PagesPrince, by Niccolo Machiavelli, Machiavelli delineates the requirements to be a successful leader over a powerful state. He suggests numerous times that a prince should govern an empire with a image that is dominant but caring for citizens while ruling ruthlessly and appealing to the people if possible. Machiavelli’s principles of a dominant and ruthless prince may not be globally accepted but they are efficient and ac curate despite the lack in thought of morality and ethics. Machiavelli gives numerousRead MoreAnalysis Of The Prince By Niccolo Machiavelli1755 Words   |  8 PagesNiccolo Machiavelli’s â€Å"The Prince† provides guidelines for how the leader of a state should conduct himself, and the actions he should take to consolidate and maintain power. While Socrates does not explicitly discuss what he believes a good leader should do and how he should act in either â€Å"Apology† or †Crito†, he presents his opinion on how men in general should conduct themselves, and how a government should be run. Based on the accounts given, Socrates would vehemently disagree with Machiavelli’sRead MoreAnalysis Of The Prince By Niccolo Machiavelli1192 Words   |  5 Pagesfocused on the ability of humans to act and not blindly follow a religious plan. Humanists believed God had given humanity options and potential, and humanist thinkers had to act to succeed and make the most of this: it was a duty to be the best. Niccolo Machiavelli, an Italian Humanist, wrote  The Prince  as a guide for his own prince, Lorenzo De Medici, to promote himself into the political arena of Italy. He analyzed power and the way Italy could become its own state and keep control. His extensive explanationsRead MoreAnalysis Of The Prince By Niccolo Machiavelli1020 Words   |  5 PagesInterestingly, Niccolo Machiavelli in his work The Prince would disagree. Written for the Medici lords, The Prince offers advice on how to obtain and rule a principality. To do this, he must first explain the nature of man and adjust the method of ruling them accordingly. Machiavelli believes humans by nature are corrupt, so the Prince must also be corrupt to succeed. In order to prove Machiavelli’s opinion, it is first necessary to understand what he defines as success. Machiavelli believes thatRead MoreAnalysis Of Niccolo Machiavelli s The Prince 1625 Words   |  7 Pagesfifteenth century was a period known as the Renaissance, or the new birth, of many philosophers. One well-known Renaissance thinker, Niccolo Machiavelli, was one of those philosophers whose political views caused an uproar during earlier centuries. His view on effective leadership was rather harsh and not exactly adopted in the Italian society. As a Renaissance citizen, Machiavelli proved his writing skills through a number of works such as short stories, plays, and histories. His more popular works includedRead MoreEssay on Analysis of The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli517 Words   |  3 Pages The Prince by Niccolo Machiavelli is about the origination of a prince. More or less how a prince can start from the bottom and become a great king or die at the feet of his people before reaching his prime. To become a prince there are many different ways which is explain in this book for example To arrive at this position depends not entirely on worth. Stating that there are a number of way you can become a prince by Favor of the people, but must maintain a healthy friendship and offer protection

Thursday, December 19, 2019

Raising The Minimum Wage Essay - 1217 Words

The minimum wage is one of the most discussed issues around the country. Everyone has a different opinion if raising the minimum wage would help families across the country to have a better lifestyle or if would cause an unbalance in the economy. Democrats and Republicans have a different view on this issue, while Democrats supports raising the minimum wage by $15 an hour, Republicans have stated that they refuse increasing the wage because it would leave different factions of Americans outside of job opportunities and it would cause an unstable economy. The current presidential candidates, Hillary Clinton from the Democratic Party and Donald Trump from the Republican Party have differed in their opinions about the raising the economy with the minimum wage. In order to make a huge decision in the economy of the country it is necessary to see the facts and numbers to evaluate which decision would make the economy stable and grow equally. There are a lot of opinions about raising the minimum wage, â€Å"a higher minimum wage may actually boost job creation† by Harold Meyerson, points out the benefits of increasing the minimum wage across the country, but also mentions the opinion of Republicans that are against of this issue. â€Å"A recent study by the Congressional Budget Office argued that a raise would increase the wages of 16.5 million Americans — at least 33 times the number of those who might lose jobs — and elevate 900,000 people out of poverty.† (Congressional Budget Office,Show MoreRelatedRaising Minimum Wage912 Words   |  4 PagesMinimum wage has long been a topic that has brought on many heated debates. It has been said over and over again that minimum wage should be raised. These people say that raising minimum wage only does good for people. However, I, along with many other people, believe this is wrong, and we should instead be making moves to keep minimum wage where it i s. Raising minimum wage may provide some positive effects, but those positives only go on to be overwhelmed by the negative effects caused by it. WagesRead MoreRaising The Minimum Wage?1575 Words   |  7 PagesThe issue of raising the minimum wage from $7.25 to $15 an hour is a heavily debated topic. Both sources against or in favor of the minimum wage refer to a â€Å"growing gap† between low-income workers and high-income earners. Sources against the minimum wage believe raising it will increase this gap, whereas those in favor of the minimum wage believe it will decrease this gap. The arguments in favor of the minimum wage rely mostly on ethical beliefs, such as â€Å"pay should reflect hard work,† to advanceRead MoreRaising The Minimum Wage888 Words   |  4 Pages Raising the Minimum Wage The employment effect of the minimum wage is one of the most studied topics in all economics. Today, the debate over raising the minimum wage has been a hot topic after President Obama explained in his 2014 State of the Union address that he intends to raise the minimum wage from $7.25 to $10.10 per hour, an increase of over 40 percent. While the President and his supporters claim that this increase would greatly benefit the economy and result in growing the businessesRead MoreRaising The Minimum Wage?1122 Words   |  5 Pagesâ€Å"Raise the wage!† reads many protestors’ signs across America. Many people believe this to be the answer to the financial inequality that plagues our country. The federal minimum wage was established to keep workers from settling on a poor living standard (Leonard A.11). Since this was passed, multiple debates and issues have risen. One begins to ask the question, is this truly the best way to resolve the unequal distribution of wealth? Aft er research, it has been found that there are many drawbacksRead MoreRaising The Minimum Wage1979 Words   |  8 PagesResearch Raising the minimum wage can result in job losses due to lower profits for businesses. It can also potentially decrease employee hours by changing them from full time to part time. Additionally, it may reduce the full time benefits that they receive. If this were to happen, then the employees affected will actually be earning less than they did before the increase. For example, from the Article Maximum Divide on Minimum Wage (Mejeur, 2014), they state, â€Å"Labor costs are the largest shareRead MoreRaising The Minimum Wage1037 Words   |  5 PagesRaising the minimum wage from $7.25 to $10.10 is not a good idea. The unintended consequences that would come about as a result is reason enough to shy away from such a proposal. Those who support an increase contend that it will alleviate poverty. Suppose these advocates are right and a spike in the minimum wage does reduce poverty for some fortunate workers. This positive development will be offset because an increase in the minimum wa ge will further price out inexperienced workers from the jobRead MoreRaising The Minimum Wage?870 Words   |  4 PagesThe topic of raising the minimum wage has many different viewpoints. It is thought to be affected negatively and positively. Some believe it increases unemployment and poverty. Others believe it creates jobs, helps the economy and low-income families by giving them more money to give back to the economy. Doug Hall, director of the Economic Analysis and Research Network and David Cooper, Economic Analyst at the Economic Policy Institute, expressed how the increase in minimum wage affects certainRead MoreRaising The Minimum Wage?2447 Words   |  10 PagesThe minimum wage is defined as the lowest compensation, by law, which an employer may pay his or her employees. In the United States, this monetary value is set by a collection of laws on the federal, state, and local levels. While state and local governments may choose to observe a higher minimum wage than the national minimum wage, the federal government ultimately controls the income of the nation’s lowest-earning employees. At the federal level, the minimum wage was last raised in 2009, fromRead MoreRaising The Minimum Wage1864 Words   |  8 Pagespersevere, and really believe in yourself, good things will come. Drastically raising the minimum wage goes against all of those principles, rewarding lethargic actions and poo r life choices. Raising the minimum wage to $15 will do more harm than good for middle class americans by decreasing the value of the money in their pockets, driving out big companies, and generally increasing unemployment. Increasing the minimum wage causes middle class Americans have less money in their pockets to spend. RepresentativesRead MoreEffect Of Raising Minimum Wage1215 Words   |  5 PagesEffects of Raising Minimum Wage The minimum wage in this country has been a controversial issue. Many people believe it will help reduce poverty and boost the economy. However, they are not looking at the downfalls this will bring to our country. This could make the unemployment population rise, it will raise prices of other things, and would have little effect on reducing poverty. Raising the minimum wage would have a negative influence on our country. This movement throughout our country

Wednesday, December 11, 2019

Code of Conduct for 7 Eleven Convenience Stores

Question: Discuss about the . Answer: Introduction Moral behaviour and high ethical standards play a big role in the success of 7-Eleven. The creation of a code of conduct is therefore important as it provides a guideline for making ethical decisions and prevents cases of discrimination, harassment or action on illegal acts. A code of conduct is necessary as it highlights the important values which employees of 7-Eleven are required to uphold for better relationships at work (Wilkins et al. 2014). All 7-Eleven personnel are therefore expected to read the code of conduct, agree to it and comply with the stipulated laws at all times while acting as a representative of the company. Discrimination refers to the unfair treatment of person or group of people on the basis of their gender, race, sexual preference, disability or nationality among other traits. For an inclusive environment, all forms of discrimination against diversity at the workplace should not be encouraged (Barak, M.E.M. 2016). 7-Eleven is highly against any form of discrimination to both fellow employees and customers. For a safe working environment, employees are expected to abstain from engaging in harassment, bullying or any discriminatory activities. Employees should also take note of the fact that engaging in such behaviour could be against the law and may call for legal action. Specifically, discrimination against international students working for the company is strictly prohibited. A study done by a student at Sydney University, Australia has shown that 60% of international students in employment are underpaid. An example of discrimination would be where employers take advantage of the limited local language speaking capabilities and understanding of the labour system by the international students to cheat them off their wages. 7-Eleven employers must ensure that international students have a full understanding of their rights and that they are compliant with relevant regulations such as the student visa permit. Employees are encouraged to report any cases of discrimination, bullying or harassment experienced or witnessed at the workplace to the relevant authorities within the company. Failure to report or address cases of discrimination affects all related parties negatively as is seen in cases where international students fail to challenge their employers and end up getting underpaid or no pay at all. Disciplinary action will be taken on all reported cases of discriminatory conduct within the stipulated work environment. Exploitation Exploitation in the work environment can be described as the act of taking advantage of an individual in a process that requires the individual to contribute more than they can receive in return. A situation in which the employee is underpaid despite delivering services fully to the employer is one example of exploitation. Exploitation is unlawful and should not be encouraged in the workplace. Employees are expected to refrain from exploitation or face stern disciplinary action when found to have engaged in exploits of any manner. Labour from international students in some countries is considered a large contribution to the economy (Paltridge, Mayson and Schapper 2014). Cases have been reported of international students in Australia who have been underpaid or not paid at all where their employers take advantage of the fact that they have limited understanding of the labour laws. Employers are also reported to coerce the international students into breaching their student visa conditions where a student is not allowed to exceed 40 working hours a fortnight, making most of their hours to go unpaid. International students in breach of this regulation face immediate deportation and this makes it hard for complaints to be forwarded. 7-Eleven personnel are therefore expected to conduct themselves in a fair manner in all activities without exploitation. Sexual exploitation is another form of exploitation in the work place where employment benefits are handed out based on sexual favours. In view of this, employee benefits such as promotions are expected to be given based on merit and performance. Employees should not engage in sexual exploitation under any circumstance and disciplinary action will be taken in any such case. Employee rights must be observed at all times to ensure that the working environment is free from all forms of exploitation. Some of the laws and policies in certain countries also contribute to exploitation of employees with the example of reduced funding for the Fair Work Ombudsman in Australia making it harder to fight for the rights of international students in the country. Employees are expected to know and understand their rights so that their vulnerabilities are not exploited. Corruption Corruption can be depicted as the engagement in acts that are dishonest or not within ethical standards especially by a higher authority often for personal gain. Workplace corruption exposes the company to an unfavourable working environment (Vickers 2014). Embezzlement and bribery are some of the forms of corruption that can be experienced at the workplace. Even though some of the corruption practices at the workplace may not be unlawful, employees are not allowed to practise it at any level. Corruption is highly prohibited at the workplace and cases of corruption must be reported through the appropriate channels. Bribery is the act of exchanging favours in order to gain an advantage that is not deserved. Employees must not engage in bribery in the form of hospitality, expenses or gifts. Gifts offered to the employees exceeding the value set by the company may be considered to be bribes and must not be accepted. Another example would be any offers or promises made to the employee in exchange for tampering with company property or services. Cases of bribery experienced or suspected by employees or individuals working for 7-Eleven should be brought forward. Corruption can be masked by charitable organizations where employees document embezzlements or fund misappropriations as charitable donations. Misuse and misappropriation of company resources by the employees for personal gain is unacceptable in the companys code of conduct. Corruption involving unlawful loss or theft is illegal and action taken to corrupt employees may be by legal officers. 7-Eleven personnel must uphold high moral standards and refrain from taking part or assisting in any corruption incidences at the workplace. Dishonest and Fraudulent Behaviour Honesty and accountability play a big role in maintaining proper working relationships in the workplace (Rujoiu O. and Rujoiu V. 2014). Fraud refers to actions leading to financial loss to the affected party achieved through deception. Fraudulent behaviour can be illustrated in an example where records are knowingly falsified, destroyed or concealed with the intention of personal gain or to cover up dishonest acts. Recent research reports a case where a company used falsified payroll records to cover up the underpayment of its workers. 7-Eleven employees must not engage or assist in any form of fraudulent behaviours. The employees are expected to maintain high ethical standards at all times while engaging as a representative of the company. Dishonest behaviour is exhibited when an employee participates in activities that are against the stipulated rules and regulations resulting in a loss. Situations in which dishonest behaviour may come to play include misuse of company information and dishonest violation of confidentiality and privacy as set out in the code of conduct. Gifts or favours exceeding a set value should not be accepted since it may suggest that something is expected in return and a breach of this is considered as dishonest behaviour. Fraudulent and dishonest behaviour is unethical and may even be illegal and it is therefore in the best interest of employees that they are compliant with the stipulated code of conduct and do not engage in either fraud or dishonesty. Some employers practise fraud by paying their employees then asking for most of it back as was the case for some international students in Australia as revealed by a 4Corners documentary. Employees are also expected to be accountable for all their decisions and engagements at the workplace and report any cases of dishonest behaviour and fraud so that appropriate action may be taken. Whistle-blower Protection Individuals reporting cases of misconduct or breach policy in good faith will not be held to a disadvantage. Unfavourable actions taken against such a person for doing so is not acceptable. Cases where one feels detrimental actions have been made against them for making allegations should be reported. Threats, discrimination, demotion, dismissal or some form of disciplinary action to the whistle-blower are some examples of treatment that is detrimental. International students may fail to report misconduct by employers due to threats made on basis of violation of their students visa restrictions. Disciplinary action is taken on employees who report false or fictitious cases without sufficient evidence causing the reported individual to bear an undeserved outcome. Whistle-blowers play a major part in exposing fraudulent and dishonest acts which could be detrimental to a company (Mechtenberg, Muehlheusser and Roider 2017). 7-Eleven seeks to provide the highest level of privacy and confidentiality for anyone reporting incidences of breach of code of conduct. Employees making such allegations are also expected to keep reported cases under investigation as confidential. Individuals receiving the reports, investigating or even assisting with information on the reports are also bound by the same confidentiality policy. Full cooperation by all persons involved in a report is expected at all times. Breach of confidentiality in a reported case may result in discrimination of the whistle-blower at the workplace among other negative effects. Confidentiality of all matters regarding reported cases is paramount as it encourages employees to speak up without discrimination. Records and files documented on reported cases of breach of code of conduct must remain protected under strict security and information only released to authorised individuals involved in investigation of the allegations. Release of any information that is private and confidential is a breach of the code of conduct and is dealt with stern disciplinary action. Employees are therefore expected to report any cases without any fear of harassment. Enforcement For promotion of professional, responsible and ethical behaviour at the workplace, the code of conduct has to be enforced and cases of breach dealt with (Wood, Saundry and Latreille 2014). Relevant officials of the company at different levels are assigned to deal with these cases. On completion of investigation of cases regarding breach of conduct, finalised reports are compiled and signed by the assigned personnel. The records should fully describe the discovery, conclusions and make recommendations based on the investigation. Recommendations made after investigations need to be approved by the relevant officials before enforcement of any disciplinary action. Employees of 7-Eleven when found to have engaged cases of fraud and dishonesty are dealt disciplinary action which may include dismissal or termination of employment. Company officials handling a dishonesty or fraud case may be forced in some instances to dismiss the employee during the investigation. The amounts involved in a fraud case may determine whether legal action is taken on involved individuals. It should be noted that money or misappropriated items that is repaid after a fraud case does not indemnify the accused personnel against further action. Disciplinary action determined by relevant officials is taken on any person who puts the whistle-blower at risk through a breach of the privacy and confidentiality policy. This may also include termination of employment depending on the concluded recommendation. Corruption taints the image of the company and individuals involved in addition to the undeserved losses incurred. Cases of corruption or embezzlement by employers in higher levels will be handled with stern action and in some cases legal repercussions. Bullying, harassment and discrimination create a hostile working environment and are prohibited by the code of conduct with the intention of embracing diversity. Any employee or person working with 7-Eleven who engages in any form of discrimination faces disciplinary action. Exploiting of personnel on any basis at the workplace is neither acceptable nor consistent with the 7-Eleven code of conduct. With regard to the extent of engagement and the effect of exploitation, stern action is taken on individual who take part in exploitation. Unlawful exploitation with an example of exploitation of immigrants for free or cheap labour is handle legally by the relevant parties. References Barak, M.E.M., 2016. Managing diversity: Toward a globally inclusive workplace. Sage Publications. Mechtenberg, L., Muehlheusser, G. and Roider, A., 2017. Whistle-Blower Protection: Theory and Experimental Evidence. Paltridge, T., Mayson, S. and Schapper, J., 2014. Welcome and exclusion: an analysis of The Australian newspapers coverage of international students. Higher Education, 68(1). Rujoiu, O. and Rujoiu, V., 2014, November. Academic dishonesty and workplace dishonesty: an overview. In Proc. Int. Manage. Conf (Vol. 8). Wilkins, A.M., Colvard, R. and Lipinski, J., 2014. Does your company have this document? All organizations should have an employee code of conduct. Strategic Finance, 96(1). Wood, S., Saundry, R. and Latreille, P., 2014. Analysis of the nature, extent and impact of grievance and disciplinary procedures and workplace mediation using WERS2011. Acas Research Papers, 10. Vickers, M.H., 2014. Towards Reducing the Harm: Workplace Bullying as Workplace CorruptionA Critical Review. Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal, 26(2).

Wednesday, December 4, 2019

The Speakers Importance in Poetry free essay sample

It will be shown how speakers serve a variety of roles in poetry, and can help readers gain a better understanding of universal issues. The speaker in A Man Who Had Fallen Among Thieves, takes on the role as a Good Samaritan for a man in need of help and abandoned by others. The speaker acknowledges society’s unjust acts against a man who lay by the roadside on his back dressed in fifteenthrate ideas (16). The speaker tells of citizens who graze at pause then fired by hypercivic zeal sought newer pastures, and left the weak man to go elsewhere (17). The speaker, the Good Samaritan, rescues the punished man while the other citizens deny assisting the helpless man. While the poem illustrates themes like the importance of doing the right thing despite one’s own desires, the speaker serves as a voice to reiterate the point the poet wants to communicate to the audience. We will write a custom essay sample on The Speakers Importance in Poetry or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Because of the speaker, this poem offers a more of a realistic point of view and a different perspective from the citizens and the helpless man. Using powerful and graphic diction in such lines like of pinkest vomit out of eyes, to describe emotions throughout the poem, the speaker helps to stir up emotions within the reader by offering a vivid first-hand account of the situation (17). Like the speaker in â€Å"A Man Who Had Fallen Among Thieves,† the speaker in The Man He Killed, uses vivid imagery to illustrate his feelings, helps to communicate the writer’s ideas to an audience, and offers a first-hand account of what is occurring in the poem. The speaker talks about his own confusion. He is confused because he cannot understand why the person he has killed is dead. In his state of confusion, the speaker tells of the intimacy between himself and the person he has killed when he mentions the phrases staring face to face (34). In addition, the speaker tells of the hostility between the two men, for they are both firing guns at each other. The speaker says I shot at him as he at me(34). The speaker knows that he would’ve been killed otherwise, and he goes on to say â€Å"and I killed him in his place. I shot him dead because-because he was my foe(34). Here, the speaker shows a conflict between his feelings and actions and he is questioning it. Later in the poem, the speaker says Just so: my foe of course he was; thats clear enough; although,† which shows that he understands that he had to kill his enemy because of the tradition of war (34). He begins to think about what he did when he says he thought hed list, perhaps offhand-like-just as I- was out of work(34). Here, the speaker offers additional insight into reasons why men enlist to fight in war. In this case, the speaker suggests that the man he kills was unemployed just like the speaker was. The reader gets to take another peak at the speaker’s inner turmoil as he mentions You shoot a fellow down Youd treat if met where any bar is, thus concluding that one kills another in war despite the possibility of knowing the person in the past or future (34). All in all, it is as if the reader gets a front row seat to experience the inner chaos the speaker suffers as he tries to fully grasp the concept and tradition of war. The speaker provides a realistic and familiar voice that could be any person during any war era. As a result, the speaker helps bring to life the atrocities of war to readers who may have never experienced it. The speaker in Dulce et Decorum Est, describes a gruesome war scene involving enemies using gas to kill victims. Here, the speaker watches someone die because he didnt wear a gas mask. The speaker offers readers first-hand vivid descriptions of the young men that have become filthy, weary, and helpless when he describes the men as bent double, like old beggars under sacks, knock-kneed, coughing like hags, we cursed though sludge†(27). The speaker paints a picture with his words to illustrate what is happening. In one scene, the speaker shows the men heading towards lodging when he says and toward our distant rest began to trudge then in an instant, gas-shells are dropping and the men must put on their helmets (27). One of the men did not put on his helmet. Through the poet, the speaker uses vivid imagery to describe the man’s death when he says as under a green sea, I saw him drowning(27). The speaker tells an audience my friend, you would not tell with such high zest to children ardent for some desperate glory, meaning that he would not suggest children go to war to become heroes, or die honorably for one’s country, because it is not sweet or fitting to suffocate in gas (27). Obviously he disagrees with the old saying â€Å"Dulce ed decorum est Pro patria mori,† because the speaker refers to dying honorably in war as the the Old Lie (27). Like the speakers in the previous poems mentioned, the speaker of Dulce et Decorum Est, illustrates a moving picture in order to help an audience understand the atrocities of war. Here, the speaker once again serves as a familiar mouthpiece that awakens emotions within the reader. Through the speaker, the writer tells this horrible memory because he is informing future generations not to fight in wars for a false feeling of accomplishment because being killed in war can be in no way heroic, but gruesome. The speakers all have certain aspects in common. One thing they all have in common is reacting under social pressure. In A Man Who Had Fallen Among Thieves, and Dulce et Decorum Est, the speakers both rebel against the social pressure and struggle with society’s often inhumane teachings. In other words, the speakers question universal issues like whether or not to follow the prevailing social code. In The Man He Killed, the speaker struggles with the social pressure to kill, and while he questions what he did, he doesnt try to stop the war. Another similarity is the speakers are all first-hand participants in the action of the poems. For A Man Who Had Fallen Among Thieves, the Good Samaritan speaker sees the citizens ignoring the man who had been robbed and opts to rescue the helpless man. In The Man He Killed, the speaker is â€Å"face to face† with another human being and kills him simply because their countries are at war (34). In Dulce et Decorum Est, the speaker informs future generations and the reader that war is not always heroic and valuable, but it can be cruel, and immoral. In addition to reacting under social pressure, another similarity of the three poems is all the speakers sense the injustices committed, and they all wish they could relive the situations and possibly change the outcomes. For instance, in The Man He Killed, the speaker accepts social pressure as a way of life, and he does this to escape the guilt he is feeling and by taking what some may feel is the easy way out. In Dulce et Decorum Est, and A Man Who Has Fallen Among Thieves, both speakers challenge the crowds to acknowledge injustice and go against social pressures. The speakers throughout these three poems also convey differences. The main difference is how they respond to social pressure. In A Man Who Had Fallen Among Thieves, and in Dulce et Decorum Est, both speakers rebel loudly against the social code. In other words they are more opinionated, and while they arent scared of social pressure, both speakers are aware of the often, brutal social code. In The Man He Killed, the speaker succumbs and accepts the ways of society. While he does question his error, he doesnt do anything rebellious like the other speakers. To conclude, the speaker is crucial in getting the point of the poem across. Although the speaker is often anonymous, the poet uses an insightful, familiar speaker as a tool to impart different points of view, wisdom, or whatever the writer is seeking to tell an audience. The speaker often offers a first-hand experience in order to help evoke feelings within a reader. The speaker is also important because while he or she is not factual, nor omnipresent, the speaker offers a different perspective and helps readers get a better idea of why war is not sweet and fitting, or why it is better to do what is morally just for instance (27). The poet uses the speaker to created irony and tension in the poem. Overall, the speaker is valuable to both the poet and an audience in order to achieve a better understanding of an occurrence, universal issues or any ideas the poet seeks to illustrate to an audience.